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WiFi Networking


The Omega2 has a built-in 2.4 GHz 802.11 b/g/n WiFi radio adapter. It can host a network, connect to an existing network, or host a network and connect to a wireless network simultaneously.

Modes of operation

  • AP: WiFi network hosted by Omega2.
  • STA: Connecting to an existing WiFi network.
  • AP+STA: Hosting a network and connecting to an existing wireless network simultaneously.
  • Off: WiFi radio disabled.


The Omega2 uses the open source mt76 wireless network driver.

Configuration for wireless networking is at /etc/config/wireless on the device.


Configuration changes are made using the Unified Configuration Interface (UCI) command-line utility. UCI is useful for quick and easy modifications to configuration files. See the OpenWRT docs for more info on UCI.


The Omega2 hosts a WiFi Access Point (AP), also known as a WiFi Hotspot, that other WiFi-enabled devices can connect to. This is like a WiFi router.

Default behaviour

The AP is enabled on the Omega2 by default. The SSID, name of the network, will be Omega-abcd where abcd matches the last 4 digits of the device’s MAC address.

The AP acts as a DHCP host and provides IP addresses to clients.

IP Addresses and DHCP

  • Omega2 AP IP address is
  • DHCP will give IP addresses to clients in the to range

To check the IP address given to connected clients, run cat/tmp/dhcp.leases.

How to change DHCP

For information on how to change the DHCP, see the OpenWRT DHCP docs for more configuration options.

Configuring the AP

The AP has a few settings that are configurable.

Changing the AP SSID

To change the AP SSID:

uci set wireless.default_radio0.ssid='<NEW SSID>' 
uci commit wireless

Changing the password

To change the password:

uci commit wireless.default_radio0.key='<NEW PASSWORD>' 
uci commit wireless

Disabling the AP

To disable the AP:

uci set wireless.default_radio0.disabled='1' 
uci commit wireless

Running the disable command will turn off the Omega’s WiFi AP. If you were connected to the AP and using SSH for command line access, that will no longer work when the AP is turned off. Make sure the device is accessible via serial or through STA network connection before doing this.

See the OpenWRT wireless docs for more configuration options.


The Station (STA) allows you to connect the Omega2 to an existing wireless network as a client.

Default behaviour

The STA is disabled on the Omega2 by default.

Configuring the STA

The STA has several settings that are configurable.

Enabling an STA connection

To enable an STA connection:

uci set wireless.client.disabled='0' 
uci commit wireless

Scanning for WiFi networks

To scan for WiFi networks:

iwinfo ra0 scan

Sample output:

Cell 01 - Address: 0C:AC:8A:51:F4:1B 
Mode: Master Channel: 1
Signal: -80 dBm Quality: 30/70
Encryption: WPA2 PSK (CCMP)
HT Operation:
Primary Channel: 1
Secondary Channel Offset: no secondary
Channel Width: 20 MHz

Cell 02 - Address: 0C:AC:8A:E3:27:51
Mode: Master Channel: 6
Signal: -83 dBm Quality: 27/70
Encryption: WPA2 PSK (CCMP)
HT Operation:
Primary Channel: 6
Secondary Channel Offset: no secondary
Channel Width: 40 MHz or higher

Connecting to a secure wireless network

To connect to a wireless network with WPA2 security:

uci set wireless.client.ssid='<YOUR WIFI NETWORK NAME HERE>' 
uci set wireless.client.key='<YOUR WIFI NETWORK PASSWORD HERE>'
uci commit wireless

If a connection is successful, you’ll see the following message in the kernel logs.

[ 993.442095] apcli0: associated

Checking the IP address on Omega

To check the IP address given to the Omega:

ifconfig apcli0

This will return the following information.


Note the highlighted IP address inet addr:.


The Omega2 will only connect to the wireless network specified. This version of the WiFi driver does not support automatic network switching.

To disable this functionality of the radio and disconnect from any connected radio:

 uci set wireless.client.disabled='1'
uci commit wireless

See the OpenWRT wireless docs for more configuration options including supporting different WiFi network types.


The Omega2 can host a wireless network access point and connect to an existing wireless network simultaneously.


Having both the AP and STA enabled simultaneously may result in IP address collisions.

What is an IP address collision?

An IP address collision can occur if your Omega’s access point (AP) and WiFi network that you try connecting to share the same subnetwork (subnet). The Omega’s AP is and it’s possible that your WiFi network has the same subnet. This results in the Omega not knowing what data to send where.

See the article Avoiding IP address collisions for more information.

Disabling the WiFi radio

You may want to completely power down the WiFi radio and disable all wireless networking.

Why would you disable the WiFi radio?

The WiFi radio consumes a relatively large amount of power. If wireless networking is not required for your application, disabling this feature will result in large power savings.

To disable the WiFi radio:

uci set wireless.radio0.disabled='1'
uci commit wireless

Additional configuration options

See the OpenWRT docs for additional configuration options including support for different WiFi network security types, enterprise WiFi, fast switching, and more.